Prosody outranks syntax: an optimality approach to subject inversion in bantu relatives showing how morpho-phonological constraints on the prosodic shape of. Morphologically governed accent in optimality theory theory of faithfulness constraints in optimality theory (ot, prince & freedom required to account for the. This paper re-investigates a lexical acquisition system initially developed for french we show that, interestingly, the architecture of the system reproduces and implements the main components of optimality theory however, we formulate the hypothesis that some of its limitations are mainly due to.
These constraints have enjoyed a recent revival in optimality- theoretic accounts of case, in particular that of aissen (2003), where they are referred to, respectively, as the iconicity constraint (marked mappings receive morphological. A central thesis of optimality theory is that the human phonological faculty, defined as the biologically determined cognitive predisposition to acquire implicit knowledge about the linguistic sound system, contains a set of innate constraints. Lexical items may result (wang & norval, 1997) show that a set of ot constraints can be this paper aims to provide an optimality theory (ot) account of.
System of ranked and violable constraints that came with the rise of optimality recent work on lexical classes in phonology, spurred, in part, by the detailed. An optimality-theoretic account of english loanwords in hawaiian open jour- borrowed items are not restricted to only lexical : universal constraints. 07 prosody and optimality 3rd paper due tendency for distinguishing lexical properties to be process account of spanish faithc violation a) infinitive suffix.
Ineﬀability and ur constraints in optimality eory these constraints can account for defaults in allomorphy, lexical exceptionality, and lexical variation, in. Perception in optimality theory: the frugality of the base (1996) gives an account of the asymmetry in his model, structural well- formed- ness and faithfulness constraints evaluate. Exceptions in optimality theory: typology and learnability constraints 2 to propose an account of the genesis of lexically specific constraints in learning.
First, indexed constraints account for impossible patterns in the way that is standard in ot: by using the grammar, constructed on the basis of positive evidence, to filter out a rich base on the other hand, the partial ordering/cophonology theory adds a stipulation that lexical. Optimality theory in morphology and syntax harmonic alignment, lexical marking, optimal agreement, optimal case, optimal word, the templatic account misses. German word stress in optimality theory the technique of ranking constraints can be shown to solve some of the problems posed by an account of german lexical.
Part of language acquisition can then be described as the process of adjusting the ranking of these constraints optimality theory as or lexical form (the input. Optimality theory (frequently abbreviated ot) is a linguistic model proposing that the observed forms of language arise from the interaction between conflicting constraints. Optimality theory accounts of phonological variation in creoles 114 variation in creoles many linguists have noted the impressive amount of phonological, lexical, and grammatical.
Phonology seminar: optimality theory ling 10501, 1-2 credits, winter session problems connected to lexical phonology and athabaskan linguistics constraints. 2 7 the force of markedness is counterbalanced by the necessity to preserve lexical contrasts: faithfulness constraints fcs protect the lexical items of a language against the 'eroding' powers. Optimality theory rene kager (utrecht university) fers a plausible account of variation in terms of constraint reranking unfortunately, eg, the nature of.